Today, the number of homeless people around the world is increasing significantly especially to countries that are politically unstable. Homelessness is triggered by many factors some of which force people to abandon their homes. The most common factors that contribute to homelessness include civil wars, domestic violence, health, poverty, and many more. In the event any of these factors impacts seriously, people are forced to migrate to new places in such of fortune.
Causes of homelessness and migration
Political instability and war
Political instability, wars, and fights in most countries such as most African countries has forced a lot of people to abandon their homes in search of more peaceful places to dwell in. Some people migrate to the neighboring countries to find refuge. Such people end up being homeless and live in refugee camps. A lot of people have lost their properties because political instability. Other people end up relocating to urban centers where they tend to establish new living areas in the street. Countries with political and war crisis have a large number of people who are homelessness.
Shortage of affordable housing
In most countries, especially the developing countries, a portion of the population survives below a dollar a day. A majority lack sustainable employment. These people find it had to survive on their low earnings. They cannot afford shelter and food at the same time. Such people only look for food whiles housing remain a challenge to them. They end up relocating to urban centers to live as street families. Their major concern is what they will eat but not where to call home.
Today, a significant number of homeless people (women and children) are due to domestic violence. When women and children are abused ruthlessly, they find rescue by abandoning their matrimonial homes. In some families, people clash because of the family properties.
Mental illness is a major cause of homelessness today. A mentally ill person finds it hard to carry out essential aspects of life such as self-care, and household management. Additionally, these are jobless and cannot afford to own a home. If they have Families, the problem is much serious. A Research by National Coalition for the Homeless- mental illness shows that American has a homeless population of 6%. Over 20% of this population constitutes people with a distinct mental illness. Without assistance and proper care, mentally ill people have little or no chance of gaining stability.
A majority of children born and raised in streets, end up being homeless. Their parents have nowhere they can call a home. Such children end up having no quality education that can help them look for a good job to help them manage their lives. They marry or get married in streets. Unless governments take initiatives to support such people, their generation ends up being homeless forever. They form a chain of homeless people.
There are people who are exposed to poverty such that even affording something to put on the table as a meal is a big challenge. A majority of these people migrate to cities and urban centers to look for a much better life. Their situation cannot allow them even to own a home.
Other causes of homeless people include loss of job, divorce, depression, physical disabilities, and many more. When faced by any of these factors, people tend to migrate to new places to search for a much better life.